Some philosophers believe that our ability to make free choices is an illusion which means that we are not free at all. The traditional Judeo-Christian view is that human beings are free, autonomous agents, responsible for their actions. However, I do take into consideration that some aspects of life are out of hands that we cant control, but we have many examples in life to demonstrate what a good We do not posses any genuine is.
Another viewpoint which would be in support of this claim is a hard-determinist, who believe that all are actions are caused by prior causes and a person therefore cannot blamed for their violence. We can link the idea of acting ethically with morals, as an ethical person will have a good set of morals, this is because it is our morals that help is to freely decide which decisions to make, and encourage us to act selflessly and ethically.
Psychology, Social conditioning and genetics are all modern examples which would support Hard Deterministic views.
In conclusion, I feel we do have genuine freedom to act ethically, we have the ability to make are own decisions and to act upon what is right or wrong.
An important note to make is that soft determinism is not a compromise between hard determinism and libertatrianism, it seeks to bring freedom and accountability together with the sense that choices are predetermined by prior choices. A good example to use here, is the Clarence Darrow case, he was an American attorney who defended two boys who murdered a 14 year old boy called Bobby Franks.
We may believe that we have free will and we may feel that we can choose any number of options, when in truth our moral choices are determined by factors beyond our control.
Libertarianism attributes our moral judgement to an objective source, unaffected by environment or upbringing, but this is questionable. However, there is an alternative view in Christian writings, which was and is held by some Protestant churches.
Determinism says that there are laws that exist outside of our control that cause the things that happen-laws such as gravity.
A perfect example of this is Adam and Eve who exercise free will in choosing to eat the forbidden fruit. To me, if a person murders someone they have chosen to do that decision, the fact that people try and say he was in a poor upbringing is almost trying to come up with excuses for what he did.
The man who kills an alcoholic man is a perfect example of social conditioning, which believes that people and act with their social lives, their upbringing influences their decisions rather then their own ability to make moral decisions. If we were to look at this statement with a Soft Deterministic or Compatiblistic approach, it would state that we do have freedom to act ethically as we have free will to make decisions and are morally responsible for our actions, but some aspects of human nature are determined and therefore refrain us from acting ethically.
We do however need to understand that we hold the responsibility for the outcome of these choices and have to deal with the consequences. Therefore we cannot help our actions when they have already been decided for us. Freedom to act is doing what you want to do, without any external interference or coercion, and completely voluntarily, this is something a soft determinist would agree with.
This idea therefore supports the fact that we have the genuine freedom to act ethically. In addition to this, they state that are own values, desires and prior choices can determine how we will act in certain actions.
In his experiment he conditioned dogs to salivate when they heard the sound of a bell. This they argue, is clear because when asked to defend our actions we blame ourselves, or wonder if we did the right thing.
Examples of soft determinists include Gottfried Leibniz and Reinhold Niebuhr. They are held responsible for their actions by God who punishes them.
These theories can be linked to Determinism.Nov 09, · Dear Sirs, I have lost my file containing my degree certificates. To obtain a duplicate copy from the university they ask for a Non-traceable certificate from the Police.
We Do Not Posses Any Genuine Freedom, Discuss “We do not possess any genuine freedom to act ethically” Discuss (35 marks) A person who acts ethically is one who will choose to make good decisions, those that are morally right and are good avoiding the wrong.
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" We do not possess any genuine freedom to act ethically " Discuss. A person who acts ethically is one who will choose to make good decisions, those that are morally right and good avoiding the wrong decisions which may have negative consequences.
We do not posses any genuine freedom, Discuss. Topics: Free will, Morality, Determinism Pages: 5 ( words) Published: February 27, “We do not possess any genuine freedom to act ethically” Discuss (35 marks).
“We do not possess any genuine freedom to act ethically” Discuss (35 marks) A person who acts ethically is one who will choose to make good decisions, those that are morally right and are good avoiding the wrong decisions which may have negative consequences.Download