It includes elements such as the accurate depiction of the anatomy of humans and animals, of perspective and effects of distance, and of detailed effects of light and colour.
The application of the term to literature first became common in Germany, where the circle around the Schlegel brothers, critics August and Friedrichbegan to speak of romantische Poesie "romantic poetry" in the s, contrasting it with "classic" but in terms of spirit rather than merely dating.
Early Netherlandish painting brought the painting of portraits as low down the social scale as the prosperous merchants of Flandersand in some of these, notably the Arnolfini Portrait by Jan van Eyckand more often in religious scenes such as the Merode Altarpiece include very detailed depictions of middle-class interiors full of lovingly depicted objects.
It becomes especially marked in European painting in the Early Netherlandish painting of Jan van Eyck and other artists in the 15th century.
Unusual, often supernatural, characters and forces act in romantic stories. However these objects are at least largely there because they carry layers of complex significance and symbolism that undercut any commitment to realism for its own sake.
Most Romantics can be said to be broadly progressive in their views, but a considerable number always had, or developed, a wide range of conservative views,  and nationalism was in many countries strongly associated with Romanticism, as discussed in detail below.
Pieter Bruegel the Elder pioneered large panoramic scenes of peasant life. The concept of the geniusor artist who was able to produce his own original work through this process of creation from nothingness, is key to Romanticism, and to be derivative was the worst sin.
The characters are normal, everyday people and the events of the plot are typically normal and have a distinct lack of supernatural or fantastical elements.
However, Romantic styles, now often representing the established and safe style against which Realists rebelled, continued to flourish in many fields for the rest of the century and beyond.
American realisma movement of the early 20th century, is one of many modern movements to use realism in this sense. Medieval manuscript illuminators were often asked to illustrate technology, but after the Renaissance such images continued in book illustration and prints, but with the exception of marine painting largely disappeared in fine art until the early Industrial Revolutionscenes from which were painted by a few painters such as Joseph Wright of Derby and Philip James de Loutherbourg.
In the West classical standards of illusionism did not begin to be reached again until the Late medieval or Early Renaissance period, and were helped by the development of new techniques of oil painting which allowed very subtle and precise effects of light to be painted using very small brushes and several layers of paint and glaze.
Roman portraiturewhen not under too much Greek influence, shows a greater commitment to a truthful depiction of its subjects. Much art depicting ordinary people, especially in the form of printswas comic and moralistic, but the mere poverty of the subjects seems relatively rarely have been part of the moral message.
An earlier definition comes from Charles Baudelaire: Artists included Pieter Aertsen and his nephew Joachim Beuckelaer in the Netherlands, working in an essentially Mannerist style, and in Italy the young Annibale Carracci in the s, using a very down to earth unpolished style, with Bartolomeo Passerotti somewhere between the two.
In music such works from after about are referred to by some writers as "Late Romantic" and by others as "Neoromantic" or "Postromantic", but other fields do not usually use these terms; in English literature and painting the convenient term "Victorian" avoids having to characterise the period further.
In realism, even time and place are meant to enforce the characterization and normalcy of the characters and events. This progress in illusionistic effects in no way meant a rejection of idealism; statues of Greek gods and heroes attempt to represent with accuracy idealized and beautiful forms, though other works, such as heads of the famously ugly Socrateswere allowed to fall below these ideal standards of beauty.
Many Romantic ideas about the nature and purpose of art, above all the pre-eminent importance of originality, remained important for later generations, and often underlie modern views, despite opposition from theorists. The first emerged in the s and s, the second in the s, and the third later in the century.
Displays of intense emotion in art remained prominent, as did the exotic and historical settings pioneered by the Romantics, but experimentation with form and technique was generally reduced, often replaced with meticulous technique, as in the poems of Tennyson or many paintings.
From the midth century onwards this changed, and the difficulties of life for the poor were emphasized. Full Answer Romanticism rebels against prior forms of writing and art by picking into feeling, belief, imagination and fantasy. This was partly because art was expensive, and usually commissioned for specific religious, political or personal reasons, that allowed only a relatively small amount of space or effort to be devoted to such scenes.Unusual, often supernatural, characters and forces act in romantic stories.
Realism is on the opposite end of the spectrum, focusing on details in an attempt to replicate the real world in text form.
The author is separate from the world of the story and acts as an objective transcriptionist. Goya explored the terrors of irrationality in works like his Black Paintings (), which conveyed the nightmarish forces underlying human life and The cover of Burke's revolutionary book on the sublime A Philosophical Enquiry into the Origins of Our Ideas of the Sublime artistic styles start trending more toward Realism.
The Pre. Romanticism: Realism: 1. Dominance of plot (intrigue) (Charactersserve plot, dramatic events) 1. Dominance of character (plot serves characterization; events reveal character). Romantic facts •Height from –, but varied by country •Seen in painting, architecture, music, •Attacked accepted ideas of time •But readers should not agree!
•Human helplessness in mechanical Romanticism vs. Realism Author.
The Analysis and Comparison of Realism and Romanticism in Europe Independent Study—Dr. Baronov A Current Study and Comparison of Realism and Romanticism By Shreya Thakar December The Analysis and Comparison of Realism and Romanticism in Europe readers with German culture and ideas, most notably with.
ROMANTICISM TO REALISM In the last decade of the eighteenth century and the first of the nineteenth, attitudes to the arts, as to life in general, revolutionary epoch there emerged ideas which soon became basic assumptions for artists, architects, writers, musicians could also be conveyed in meticulously detailed, impersonally precise.Download