Parallel motivations in the iliad and the odyssey essay

An infant when Odysseus left for Troy, Telemachus is about twenty at the beginning of the story. Calypso holds him prisoner there for seven years until Hermes, the messenger god, persuades her to let him go.

Comparison of Aeneas and Odysseus: Heroes & Journey

AAeneas fights for a purpose greater than himself. The two heroes sail the same seas, and in Book III of the Aeneid, Virgil brings Aeneas and his people into contact with some of the same perils, thus providing strong reminders of the earlier epic. His maturation, especially during his trip to Pylos and Sparta in Books 3 and 4, provides a subplot to the epic.

He pushed the Greeks all the way to the base of their walls where he is then killed. Tiresias meets Odysseus when Odysseus journeys to the underworld in Book Athena assists Odysseus and Telemachus with divine powers throughout the epic, and she speaks up for them in the councils of the gods on Mount Olympus.

Odysseus only returns to Ithaca and his wife at the order of the Gods, when he has had his fill of bliss with Calypso.

She offers Telemachus assistance in his quest to find his father. This inevitably led them to compare themselves to those that had come before. Amphinomus sometimes speaks up for Odysseus and Telemachus, but he is killed like the rest of the suitors in the final fight. Although Achilles does not do much fighting within the epic he plays a large role in one of the main themes within the epic; the theme that nothing is good in excess.

This excessive pride leads Odysseus to a very long journey home. Aeneas embodies the Roman value of duty. From Homer, Virgil derived many of the technical characteristics of the Aeneid, such as the use of hexameter verse, in which each poetic line consists of six metrical feet, each foot having two syllables; the twelve-book division of epic poetry; and the use of epithets.

The theme of doing nothing in excess is also seen in the character of Patroclus. Odysseus blinds Polyphemus with his sword and escapes by clinging to the underbelly of the sheep.

On the island of the Cyclops, Odysseus could have avoided conflict with Polyphemos, and the eventual vengeance of Poseidon, had he not been so focussed on personal glory. His education, like that of all well-off Romans, was predominantly Greek, but Rome had its own long and fruitful literary history, which he was also familiar with.

His genius is shown by the beauty and originality of the Aeneid, which has become the literary justification and explanation of the Roman Empire to the entire world. Each of these Roman writers was himself under the influence of Greek literary models, just as Virgil was. Like Odysseus, Nestor is known as a clever speaker.

Even though he does not know that the vagabond who appears at his hut is Odysseus, Eumaeus gives the man food and shelter.

Odysseus is driven purely by self-interest, and often abandons those he is indebted to and responsible for. Virgil uses this as a metaphor for the comparison between cultures. Even when he does arrive, he does so without any of his original crew.

He despises Odysseus for blinding his son, the Cyclops Polyphemus, and constantly hampers his journey home. Nausicaa tells Odysseus to make his appeal for assistance to Arete.

Arete is intelligent and influential.Iliad literature essays are academic essays for citation. These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of Iliad.

The World-Views of the Iliad and the Odyssey Shira Traison The Motivation of Materialism Tarek Sultani Iliad. Since the advent of bartering, materialism has been a prime concern for human. Odysseus encounters Agamemnon’s spirit in Hades.

Agamemnon was murdered by his wife, Clytemnestra, and her lover, Aegisthus, upon his return from the war.

He was later avenged by his son Orestes. Their story is constantly repeated in the Odyssey to offer an inverted image of the fortunes of Odysseus and Telemachus.

This parallel between Hector's and Patroclus's appearances is the only significant reference in the Aeneid's Book II to Homer, who could not have influenced Virgil's description of Troy's fall for the simple reason that his Iliad ends with the funeral of Hector, before Troy is destroyed, while his Odyssey begins ten years after the war is over.

We will write a custom essay sample on Women in “The Odyssey” specifically for you for only $ $/page. Order now The Odyssey ; Parallel Motivations in the Iliad and the Odyssey ; Odyssey Review/Essay Questions ; Exile in the Odyssey ; The Odyssey Themes.

In the Iliad, more gods are involved with the characters whereas in the Odyssey there are only two major gods that affect two major characters. The roles of the gods in the Iliad are through two different stances of immortal versus immortal and mortal versus immortal.

The Iliad is an epic about the rage of Achilles. Achilles is a warrior on the Greek side of the Trojan war. The Iliad starts with Achilles’s excessive anger towards Agamemnon and ends with Achilles killing Nestor.

Parallel motivations in the iliad and the odyssey essay
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