The satirical part is mainly concentrated in the first part of the book, "This World", which describes Flatland. Square, begins by introducing readers to his two-dimensional world, including its different types of life and its social order. Aspiring to a Higher Plane: The story describes a two-dimensional world occupied by geometric figures, whereof women are simple line-segments, while men are polygons with various numbers of sides.
Abbott called it Flatland, and published it in under the pseudonym A. The smaller the small angle, the less intelligent the triangle was. Parents aspire to have children who possess more sides and angles than themselves.
This would seem to make him more of the opposite of a racist. Social elements[ edit ] Men are portrayed as polygons whose social status is determined by their regularity and the number of their sides, with a Circle considered the "perfect" shape.
It has spawned several sequels and has been the subject of at least one radio program and two animated films. The best part of his description of Flatland was about the class distinctions. Among the middle class, composed of regular polygons equilateral triangles, squares, etc every generation gains a side the son of a square becomes a pentagon, etc.
These points are unable to see the Square as anything other than a set of points on a line. For example, the sons of several hundred-sided Polygons will often develop fifty or more sides more than their parents.
The higher-order Polygons have much less of a chance of producing sons, preventing Flatland from being overcrowded with noblemen. Plot[ edit ] Illustration of a simple house in Flatland. The narrator finally accepts the notion of space and ascribes divinity to its inhabitants, which the Spacelander appropriately denies.
Another likely source is the outrageous Charles Howard Hinton, who wrote his own book about a two-dimensional world in his An Episode of Flatland: He does a rather good job using mathematics for the inhabitants to decide what sort of a polygon they are addressing by means of feeling, or among the upper classes looking.
They are required by law to wiggle from side to side so that they can be seen, and to emit loud cries so they can be heard, because a collision with a woman is as fatal as one with a stiletto. The difficulties facing a three-dimensional Victorian attempting to grasp the geometry of four dimensions are similar to those facing A.
Females in Flatland possess no angles or complexity of form whatsoever; rather, they are simply line segments, representing, for Abbott, the second-class status of women in Victorian society.Edwin Abbott Abbott, who became Headmaster of the City of London School at the early age of 26, was renowned as a teacher, writer, theologian, Shakespearean scholar, and classicist.
He was a religious reformer, a tireless educator, and an advocate of social democracy and improved education for women. Flatland Book Review The main character in Edwin Abbott Abbott’s satirical novella, “Flatland: A Romance of Many Dimensions ” is a two-dimensional creature, A Square, who visits one-dimensional Lineland and three-dimensional Spaceland.
FLATLAND: A Romance of Many Dimensions - E. Abbott Published in FLATLAND: A Romance of Many Dimensions Edwin A. Abbott Table of Contents Preface to the Second and Revised Edition, "Flatland" is a story of depth, and the lack there of.
The tale of A. Square's ventures through Pointland, Lineland and Spaceland ultimately reveal to him the possibilities of the seemingly impossible.
In this case, the "impossibilities" are the very existence of other dimensions, or worlds. His. Flatland, A Romance in Many Dimensions” by Edwin Abbott MLA formating Then write a word+ essay (same parameter as always, must contain at least one “idea”, and one or more references, etc.
etc.) Here is the topical category for you to work on. Essays and criticism on Edwin A. Abbott's Flatland - Critical Essays.Download