There is much talk in the mother tongue which is translated by the teacher for repetition by the student. Grammar rules are to be memorized and long lists of vocabulary learned by heart. So for example the verb "to be" is introduced and practised before the present continuous tense which uses "to be" as an auxiliary.
The Lexical Syllabus This approach is based on a computer analysis of language which identifies the most common and hence most useful words in the language and their various uses. Suggestopedia The theory underlying this method is that a language can be acquired only when the learner is receptive and has no mental blocks.
Grammar rules are avoided and there is emphasis on good pronunciation. By various methods it is suggested to the student that the language is easy - and in this way the mental blocks to learning are removed.
The tasks are subsumed in a major topic that is studied for a number of weeks. In the topic of ecology, for example, students are engaged in a number of tasks culminating in a poster presentation to the rest of the class.
There is no correction of mistakes. The Direct Method In this method the teaching is done entirely in the target language.
There is much practice of dialogues of every situations. Learning takes place by the students being exposed to language that is comprehensible or made comprehensible to them. The syllabus teaches these words in broadly the order of their frequency, and great emphasis is placed on the use of authentic materials.
Task-based language learning The focus of the teaching is on the completion of a task which in itself is interesting to the learners. There is little or no emphasis placed on developing oral ability.
The Silent Way This is so called because the aim of the teacher is to say as little as possible in order that the learner can be in control of what he wants to say. Mobile Language teaching methodologies Listed below are brief summaries of some of the more popular second language teaching methods of the last half century.
The learner is not allowed to use his or her mother tongue. No use is made of the mother tongue. New language is first heard and extensively drilled before being seen in its written form. Krashen, stresses the similarities between learning the first and second languages.
Community Language Learning In this method attempts are made to build strong personal links between the teacher and student so that there are no blocks to learning. The tasks include reading, searching the internet, listening to taped material, selecting important vocabulary to teach other students etc.
Learners use the language they already have to complete the task and there is little correction of errors. Immigrant students who attend local schools find themselves in an immersion situation; Elt research teaching methodologies example refugee children from Bosnia attending German schools, or Puerto Ricans in American schools.
ESL students are immersed in the English language for the whole of the school day and expected to learn math, science, humanities etc. The content of CLT courses are functions such as inviting, suggesting, complaining or notions such as the expression of time, quantity, location.A methodology is a system of methods and principles for doing something, for example for teaching or for carrying out research.
[ formal ] Teaching methodologies vary according to. ‘ELT research’ was defined as referring to any research whose data and/or findings relate directly to the teaching, learning or assessment of English as a Foreign, Second or Additional Language in the UK or any other context.
A Principles-Based Approach for English Language Teaching Policies and Practices. Table of Contents English language teaching (ELT) policies and practices.
the types of methodologies and assumptions about learning and teaching that underlie standards are also based on notions of language teaching approaches which espouse “a.
It is, therefore, in my view, the function of writers and speakers on ELT to enhance teaching expertise in the field by providing teachers with information, research-based insights, and guidance on a variety of principles and practices that are likely to be conducive to good language learning and can be used in a wide range of teaching.
Research Methods For English Language Teachers Jo McDonough and Steven McDonough Arnold, pp.
ix + Jo and Steven McDonough's Research Methods for English Language Teachers is clearly a comprehensive and complete book designed for the practicing teacher of If you're involved in the English Language Teaching.
An ELT Methodology site with many pages of information, links, lesson plans and resources. The major focus is on vocabulary and its relation to corpora.
Teaching Writing - Methodologies and Approaches in ELT.Download