While he was still in Leicester, after the battle of Bosworth Field, Henry was already taking precautions to prevent any rebellions against his reign.
Catherine Howard had been brought to the block on charges in which there was probably a good deal of truth, and her successor, Catherine Parrwas a patroness of the new learning. Several anthems composed by him are extant; and one at least, O Lord, the Maker of all Things, is still occasionally rendered in English cathedrals.
So the king asked Cardinal Wolsey to appeal to Pope Clement VII for an annulment and it soon became clear he wanted to marry Anne Boleyn, who had been a lady-in-waiting to his first wife. Henry had grown tired of her, and after two further pregnancies ended in miscarriages, she was arrested in on trumped up charges of adultery and publicly beheaded at the Tower of London.
Formidable in appearance, in memory, and in mind, and fearsome of temper, he yet attracted genuine devotion and knew how to charm people. It also ended future discussion as to whether the descendants of the fourth son of Edward III, Edmund, Duke of Yorkthrough marriage to Philippa, heiress of the second son, Lionel, Duke of Clarencehad a superior or inferior claim to those of the third son John of Gauntwho had held the throne for three generations.
Serious disputes involving the use of personal power, or threats to royal authority, were thus dealt with. But at least Henry appreciated the necessity of union within the British Isles; and his work in Ireland relaid the foundations of English rule.
However, Henry was threatened by several active rebellions over the next few years.
Later that month, the King was unhorsed in a tournament and was badly injured and it seemed for a time that his life was in danger. Young Henry was strictly supervised and did not appear in public.
In the emperor and the king of France resumed hostilities. Feudalism was not yet dead, and in the north and west there were medieval franchises in which the royal writ and common law hardly ran at all.
Within six months he had executed Anne for treason and incest and married Jane, who quickly gave him a son the future Edward IV but died two weeks later.
Henry blamed Cromwell for this mismatch and soon afterwards had him executed for treason. Henry was no profligate; indeed, he had a strong streak of prudery, but he sought the occasional relief from marriage to a worthy but ailing wife to which princes have generally been held entitled.
Local gentry saw the office as one of local influence and prestige and were therefore willing to serve. No less important was his development of the parliamentary system. His judgment was more at fault when he conquered Boulogne and sought by violence to bring Scotland into union with England.
Although he disliked parliaments, Wolsey had to agree to the calling of one inbut the taxes voted were well below what was required.
Hence, the king was plagued with conspiracies until nearly the end of his reign. In an attempt to establish ties with the German Protestant alliance, Thomas Cromwell arranged a marriage between the king and German princess Anne of Cleves.
The king, moreover, could not destroy the institution of retainers, since he depended on them for much of his army, and society regarded them as natural adjuncts of rank. He appealed to Rome for a declaration of annulment. Overall, this was a successful area of policy for Henry, both in terms of efficiency and as a method of reducing the corruption endemic within the nobility of the Middle Ages.
The house of York then appeared so firmly established that Henry seemed likely to remain in exile for the rest of his life. Late 16th-century copy of a portrait of Henry VII He was content to allow the nobles their regional influence if they were loyal to him.
After the grief of losing their first child, the couple were pleased to have a boy and festivities were held,  including a two-day joust known as the Westminster Tournament.
The blow finished Henry. Over the next 15 years, while Henry fought three wars with France, Catherine bore him three sons and three daughters, all but one of whom died in infancy.
Henry also secured a marriage between his eldest son, Arthur, and the Spanish princess, Catherine of Aragon, in Full of experience—the oldest king in Europe—and increasingly competent in the routine of rule, he lacked the comprehensive vision and large spirit that would have made him a great man.
After the death of his elder brother Arthur inHenry became heir to the English throne.King Henry VIII () ruled England for 36 years, presiding over sweeping changes that brought his nation into the Protestant Reformation.
He famously married a series of six wives in his. Watch video · The son of Henry VII of England and Elizabeth York, Henry became king of England following the death of his father. He married six times, beheading two of his wives, and was the main instigator of the English Reformation.
Henry VII: Henry VII, king of England (–), who succeeded in ending the Wars of the Roses between the houses of Lancaster and York and founded the Tudor dynasty.
Henry, son of Edmund Tudor, earl of Richmond, and Margaret Beaufort, was born nearly three months after his father’s death. Henry VII (Welsh: Harri Tudur; 28 January – 21 April ) was the King of England and Lord of Ireland from his seizure of the crown on 22 August to his death on 21 April He was the first monarch of the House of Tudor.
Elizabeth I was the daughter of King Henry VIII and his second wife, Anne Boleyn. Perhaps England's most famous monarch, Queen Elizabeth I grew up in complex and sometimes difficult circumstances.
Henry VII of England Biography Henry VII was the King of England and first monarch of the Tudor Dynasty. This biography profiles his childhood, family, personal life, accession, rule, reforms, administration, life history, and other mi-centre.com Of Birth: Pembroke Castle, Pembrokeshire, Wales.Download